Category Archives: Health

Tips for Pimples on the Forehead

The forehead is a part of the notorious T-zone and is very prone to pimples. The T-zone is the area on the face, that consists of the forehead, nose, and chin. This zone has sebaceous glands that secrete sebum, through pores. When this sebum is produced in excess, it leads to clogged pores. The clogged pores further lead to bacterial growth and thus form pimples. Apart from sebaceous glands, there are other factors that cause pimples on the forehead, ranging from dandruff on your scalp to oily hair.

Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy or menstrual cycle can be contributory factors in causing breakouts. Apart from these, stress, smoking, drug use, excessive intake of caffeine, excessive intake of alcohol, over-consumption of sweets, dietary supplements, meat, oily and spicy food, inadequate water consumption, makeup residue, hair products, sleeping habits, etc. can lead to the formation of zits and bumps on the face. It is also believed that wearing hats, caps, and helmets can result into the development of forehead acne.

There are several home remedies that you can use to get rid of pimples on the forehead; some of these are mentioned below.

Cleanse and Steam
Start your day with a cleansing procedure. Use a good quality cleanser, apply it on your face with the help of a cotton pad for five minutes in circular directions. Continue till you completely cleanse the skin.

Next, steam your face. You can use a wide bowl, filled with hot water for this. Steam is the best way to open your clogged pores. Next, use a gentle scrub on your skin and wash it off with lukewarm water. Finish with a toner or an antiseptic lotion, so that the pores do not remain open. Warm water opens the pores, whereas cold water, ice, toner, astringent, and antiseptic lotions help in closing the pores. Remember, you need to follow this procedure twice a day.

Tip: Coconut water can be used as a toner as it makes the skin soft and supple.
Wash Your Hair
As mentioned before, forehead pimples are, many times, caused due to dandruff or oily hair. That’s why, make sure that you opt for a good anti-dandruff shampoo. Wash your hair with it, once a week to keep dandruff at bay. Opt for a shampoo that contains ketoconazole, which is an antifungal drug and works best in treating dandruff.Whenever you apply oil on your hair, tie it back or wear a headband to keep it from falling on your forehead. Do not let your scalp remain greasy for a long time. Use a good clarifying shampoo to get squeaky-clean hair.

Pimples on the Scalp

Pimples are most often seen on the face and neck, but they may develop on the scalp too. Here is a brief overview about the causes and treatment for scalp pimples.

TAGGED UNDER: Scalp Problems Acne


Fenugreek leaves can be an effective remedy for scalp pimples. Make a paste of fresh leaves and apply it on the pimples. Rinse after ten minutes.
Usually, pimples on the scalp go unnoticed due to the hair cover. Sometimes, they may get infected, thereby causing symptoms like pain. While occasional scalp pimples are not a cause of concern, they can be persistent and severe in some cases. When compared to locations like the face, neck, and back; scalp is less prone to develop pimples. However, scalp pimples are not uncommon. Irrespective of the location, the basic cause for pimples remain the same – clogged skin pores.

Pimples are mostly seen in locations with a high concentration of sebaceous glands. These glands produce the oily sebum, which finds its way out of the hair follicles, through small pores. These pores get clogged due to various reasons, thereby blocking the outward passage of the oil. The oil gets accumulated in the hair follicle, resulting in inflammation. The clogged skin pore may get infected, thereby producing pus. The immune system of the body reacts to this infection by sending more white blood cells to the site. The action of WBCs results in accumulation of dead bacteria and other chemicals. In some severe cases, the infection may also spread to the surrounding areas.

What Causes Scalp Pimples?

As mentioned above, the basic cause of pimples on the scalp is clogged hair follicles; which can be caused by various factors, like poor scalp hygiene, hormonal imbalance, inadequate intake of nutrients, high stress levels, seasonal changes, reactions to some drugs, excess intake of caffeine, and use of some hair care products. Excessive head sweating can also contribute to the condition, as it creates a humid environment for the bacteria to thrive. Though it is said that intake of certain foods worsens acne, there is no conclusive evidence to prove the same. Harsh chemicals or other ingredients in hair care products may irritate the follicles and cause pimples.
How to Get Rid of Pimples on the Scalp

Usually, scalp pimples resolve on their own and disappear within a few days, but severe ones require treatment. If the painful pimples on the scalp are persistent, you have to take immediate measures to control the condition. While medical attention is required for severe and persistent pimples, home remedies may prove sufficient for milder conditions.

A Health Guide

Did you know?
Approximately 75% of grain products used in the U.S. are made from wheat. Not only Italians but Americans love pasta too. The annual sale of pasta in American grocery stores in 2000 was 1.3 million pounds. If you use 1.3 million pounds of spaghetti to form a line, that’s sufficient enough to make almost 9 rotations around the Earth’s equator.
The Latin word durum means “hard”. In Italy, durum wheat, which is the firmest of all varieties, is exclusively used to make pasta since thousands of years. The scientific name of this wheat is Triticum durum. It is a member of the tetraploid family and is also known as macaroni wheat. Its amber-colored kernels are larger than those of other wheat types.
These days, it is commercially grown in other continents to fulfill the ever-increasing demand of pasta makers. Its high protein content makes it unique among all varieties. Its hardness or exceptional strength makes it good for pasta.

Semolina flour in scoop
Other types of wheat when milled give a fine flour, because the endosperm of the wheat kernel is usually so soft that it is easily broken down into a powdery flour. But in case of durum, the endosperm is so hard that you get a granular product called semolina. Moreover, it is low in gluten. As the dough is less elastic, one can easily roll it into pasta shapes. Another unique characteristic of this grain is that the endosperm is yellow, and not creamy white. This is the reason behind the attractive yellow color of pasta and pasta products like spaghetti and macaroni.

Brown sliced bread
Gluten in wheat is responsible for the formation of a glutinous web that makes a dough elastic. It helps the dough to rise so that the bread made from it becomes light and fluffy. Being low in gluten, it is difficult to make bread from durum flour. If you want to use it, you need to take a small portion of this flour and mix it with white flour. Or you may add isolated wheat gluten to the flour. Otherwise, the bread would be quite heavy or may break into pieces during the process of baking. In North Africa and Middle Eastern countries, it is used to make flat breads and thick loaves. In Italy too, certain types of breads are made from it.

Health Benefits
Wheat grains
✦ The nutrition data shows that durum wheat is high in mineral calcium that can strengthen your teeth and bones.

✦ It is loaded with other minerals like potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium, which are essential for proper functioning of organs. They keep your heart healthy and promote proper circulation of blood. They help maintain cardiovascular health.

✦ It is cholesterol-free. Moreover, it is rich in fiber that aids digestion and prevents abnormal rise in blood sugar levels. It is good for diabetics.

✦ It is very high in protein that is essential for synthesis and functioning of cells. Protein is required for strong muscles and high energy levels.

✦ Whole grain products are referred to as healthy food as they help maintain your weight within the normal range.

✦ Being a whole grain that is low in fat and high in protein, this wheat is always a healthier option for good-quality protein.


HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus, which is a member of the retrovirus family. This virus is known to cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which is a condition, where the immune system gets weakened to such an extent, that the risk for getting some serious opportunistic infections and several types of cancer increases.

The human immunodeficiency virus attacks and destroys certain key white blood cells, concerned with fighting cancer and the infectious agents that enter the body. When these cells are destroyed, the immune system fails to prevent diseases and infections. However, it may take several years for the initial HIV infection to become AIDS and produce the debilitating health problems.

Early HIV Symptoms in Men

The early symptoms of an HIV infection in men resemble the symptoms of flu or mononucleosis. These symptoms typically appear within 2 to 4 weeks after the initial infection, but sometimes, the initial infection may not produce any symptom at all. It has been observed that, about 40% to 90% people infected with HIV experience the early flu-like symptoms within a month or two. The initial stage of HIV infection is known as primary HIV, or acute retroviral syndrome (ARS), which can produce the following symptoms.

Fever and Headache

Mild to moderate fever is usually one of the most common early symptoms of an HIV infection. Both men and women can experience this symptom, within 2 to 4 weeks following the initial infection. Fever can raise the body temperature to 100 or 101 degree Fahrenheit and it can be accompanied by chills, headache, and sweating.

Skin Rash

The skin rash caused by an HIV infection may persist for a week or so. Usually, the rash appears as a red or discolored patch of skin with raised bumps. In individuals with dark skin, the rash can appear dark brown or black in color. The affected area can become very dry and itchy. HIV infected men can develop skin rashes in any part of the body, including the arms, hands, chest, stomach, feet, groin, and the penis.

Open Sores or Ulcers

HIV infected men can also develop open sores or ulcers in the early stage of the infection, especially in the mouth and throat. The ulcers can be quite painful and sometimes, they can appear in the anus and penis as well.

Swollen Lymph Nodes

The lymph nodes produce and store immune cells and lymphocytes, and hence, they are an important component of the immune system. Enlargement of lymph glands occurs when the body is fighting an infection, which can be localized or systemic. The lymph nodes that are more likely to get swollen due to an HIV infection, are those located in the neck, groin, and armpit. Lymph nodes located in these areas can remain swollen for several weeks.

Unexplained Fatigue

HIV infections can dramatically lower the energy level or stamina and thereby, compel the affected individual to take several naps throughout the day. The HIV infected individuals may experience unusual fatigue, even while doing simple day-to-day activities.

Muscle and Joint Pain

Muscle ache and joint pain are some of the common discomforts, experienced in the early stage of an HIV infection. Muscle aches can be more commonly experienced in the legs, arms and back, but sometimes also throughout the body.

Sore Throat

Men can develop a sore throat or throat inflammation in the early stage of an HIV infection, which can sometimes cause difficulty in swallowing.

Gastrointestinal Symptoms

The digestive or gastrointestinal symptoms associated with an HIV infection are, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and nausea and vomiting. However, not all men experience these symptoms during the early stage.

Night Sweats

Excessive sweating during night, not related to the temperature of the room can be an early sign of HIV infections. Many individuals on the other hand, experience this symptom in the later stage of the infection.

Late Symptoms of HIV Infection
The primary HIV infection or acute retroviral syndrome (ARS), is typically followed by a stage, known as clinical latency or asymptomatic HIV. As the name suggests, the virus remains latent during this period, for which this period is usually asymptomatic.


Pneumonia is a lung condition wherein the parenchyma of the lung becomes inflamed. The inflammation could occur due to a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. At times, one may develop this infection after being admitted to a hospital for the treatment of another condition. Under such circumstances, one is diagnosed with hospital-acquired pneumonia. When the infection is acquired outside a hospital, due to contact with an infected individual, one is diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia. Aspiration pneumonia occurs due to the aspiration of a foreign object or the contents of the stomach into the lower respiratory tract. On the basis of anatomy, pneumonia is classified into lobar, lobular, interstitial, and millary pneumonia.

Causal Organisms for Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a common condition that affects about 1 out of 100 people every year. The causative organism in more than half of the cases is a bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae. Other bacteria that might be responsible for causing this lung condition include Hemophylus influenza, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella, Chlamydia, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Pathophysiology of Lobar Pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is mainly classified into lobar and lobular penumonia. Lobar pneumonia starts in the alveoli and spreads through the pores of Kohn. On the other hand, lobular pneumonia (bronchopneumonia) starts in the terminal and respiratory bronchioles, and spreads through the bronchial walls into the alveoli.

In case of lobar pneumonia, there could be homogeneous consolidation of one or more lung lobes. On the other hand, bronchopneumonia is characterized by patchy consolidation of alveolar and bronchial inflammation, often involving both the lower lobes.
The stages of lobar pneumonia include:

➠ 24-hour congestion stage
➠ Red hepatization stage
➠ Gray hepatization stage
➠ Resolution stage

24 Hour Congestion Stage
This is the first stage that occurs within 24 hours of infection. The lung is affected by vascular congestion and alveolar edema. Microscopic examination shows the presence of many bacteria and a few neutrophils.

Red Hepatization
The red hepatization stage is observed when the red blood cells and fibrin enter the alveoli. The lung tissue becomes red and firm. This leads to difficulty in breathing or rapid breathing.

Gray Hepatization Stage
In this stage, fibrin and the dying red and white blood cells collect in the alveolar spaces. The sputum contains a tinge of blood or purulent discharge. Atelectasis, which refers to the reduction of available area within the lung for gas exchange, could also occur.

Resolution Stage
In this stage, the enzymes in the lungs digest the exudate. The white blood cells fight off the causative organisms and the remains may be coughed up.


Is your daily commute harming your health?

The daily commute to and from work can be incredibly tiring and frustrating, not to mention time-consuming. But could it also be harming your health?

Well, the research from numerous scientists and health experts from around the world certainly suggests so. From the hours of inactivity to the passive inhalation of vehicle exhaust fumes, your daily commute to and from work could be the most damaging aspect of your life as far as your health is concerned.

How is my commute damaging my health?

Millions of us commute to and from work every day. It can be a stressful experience with the average total commute being 56 minutes nationwide. However, in London we spend 1.5 hours commuting to and from work everyday.

Here are these commuting habits can harm your health:

Diet – If you’re out of the house early ready for your lengthy commute to work, and back late, it’s likely you are cutting time from somewhere. Often, it’s your diet that suffers. Evidence has shown that many people use their daily commute as a time to consume snacks, from unhealthy coffees and bacon sandwiches in the morning to chocolate, crisps and soft drinks laden with sugar in the evenings.

Mental health – An often under-estimate effect of a daily commute the damage it can do to someone’s mental health. Long term tiredness can make you feel stressed and irritable and the stresses of the journey can also have a toil on your mental health.

Exhaust fumes – There is evidence to suggest that you will breathe in more pollution sitting in a car during heavy traffic than you would if you are outside. Dirty exhaust fumes get sucked into the car through the air filters and get trapped in the car. The Royal College of Physicians state that pollution is responsible for 40,000 early deaths per year In the UK.

Wasted time – Finally, with so much time spent travelling to and from the workplace, it’s often exercising that is cut-back to allow time for the daily routine. Research has shown that those performing a daily commute to their workplace are likely to have a less active lifestyle away from the office.

Can I make my commute healthy?

We now know that our commute can be incredibly unhealthy for our body and mind, but what can we do about it?

Cycle or walk to work – This may not be an option for everyone, but if possible, why not explore the option of walking or cycling to work, certainly during the warmer months of the year. Many employers now offer a cycle to work scheme which can help cover some of the cost of buying a bicycle, for example, while many modern office blocks also have shower and changing facilities for staff that need them. So, if you’re within a reasonable distance of your workplace, leave the car at home and get your day off to a healthy start.

The Difference Migraine Headaches and Tension Headaches

The throbbing, ever-present pain in your head makes it tricky to understand whether the pain you are experiencing is a tension headache or a migraine. However, you need to recognize which category the headache falls into so that you can get the right treatment and alleviate the symptoms. Knowing the type of headache will also allow you to find ways to avoid or minimize the occurrence.

Tension Headaches

Around 90% of headaches fall under this category. Usually, these symptoms do not occur frequently and when they do, they disappear after a few hours. However, in some people, the symptoms can come on frequently and persist the entire day.

Migraine Headaches

Migraines are not as common as tension headaches, but their symptoms and effects are more draining. The symptoms can last for 4 hours to 48 hours and they vary widely in intensity, duration, and even the exact symptoms.


In tension headaches, the symptoms are not severe, but they are persistent. You feel pain on both sides of the head. However, this pain will not be a throbbing one like you get for migraines. Rather, it will feel like tight pressure in your head. The neck, muscles, and shoulders may feel tense or stiff and you may experience soreness in your temples.

In migraines, you may feel nauseous while one side of your head may experience moderate to severe throbbing pain. You may be sensitive to light and sound, there is temporary loss of vision while your face, eyes, temples, jaw or neck sting If you are physically active, the pain worsens. Sometimes, you may also see dots, curly lines and flashing lights before your eyes.

The Reasons For The Symptoms

In tension headaches, exhaustion, tiredness, worry and stress could be the main reasons. All of these factors cause your neck, scalp and jaw muscles to tighten; and this tightness eventually comes out as pain.

Migraines are generally genetic in nature. Researchers do not know the exact cause. However, the environment also plays a certain role. Bright lights, loud noises or even fluctuating hormones can trigger the symptoms.

Recommended Treatment

For treatment of frequent tension headaches, you must visit your doctor. Depending on the cause, you may have to take prescription antidepressants. Over-the-counter painkillers such as aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen can help to alleviate the symptoms but are not recommended for long term use because of possible adverse effects. Self-relaxation techniques, chiropractic care and acupuncture provide symptomatic relief and are gentler, safer alternatives.

The best way to minimize your migraines is to identify your trigger factors and try and avoid them. Understand your sleeping and eating habits. You can also visit a chiropractor to reduce frequency and intensity of your migraines.


The Internet is the world’s greatest way of disseminating information. That said, a little knowledge can be a dangerous thing. In this case specifically, the wealth of medical information available on the internet has spawned “cyberchondria” – the tendency to look up your headache and diagnose yourself with a brain tumor. Or to post a vague health complaint on a forum and find yourself inundated with dozens of different “diagnoses” from not-doctors.

Yes, it’s wonderful that there are reliable medical resources on the web. But it is not wonderful to diagnose yourself via these resources, then argue with your doctor’s diagnosis, which was made via examination, testing, and, you know, actual medical knowledge.

Don’t be a cyberchondriac. Here’s how:

Seek Information, Not a Diagnosis

If you are having weird health issues, go ahead and look them up on authentic websites. You can turn toward sites like MayoClinic, WebMD, MedlinePlus and the National Institutes of Health.

Do not go into this expecting to find the final answer to your issue – at best, it may help clarify what’s going on and connect your current symptoms to other things you may not have thought of. This can facilitate a better conversation with a doctor in real life.

When you land on a page about your symptoms, read the “Causes” critically. Don’t ignore possible causes like caffeine, insufficient sleep and acidic foods and immediately jump on TUMOR! OMG!! Because it’s probably not. The reason these reputable sites are reputable is because they are thorough – they list all the possible causes. Now if only they would list the actual probability of each cause…

Don’t Argue With Your Doctor

Once you’ve done your research, go see your doctor. You could always skip the research part and just make the appointment, but the fact that you’re reading this speaks to the fact that you won’t. So print off your checklists and whatever page has convinced you that you have multiple organ failure because this blister won’t go away. Show them to your doctor, describe your symptoms, and submit to the testing.

When the results come back and show that you just need better shoes, take the doctor’s word for it. She has many years of training and experience behind her, she is backed up by modern technology, and that combination doesn’t miss things that are going to kill you today. If you still have nagging doubts, seek a second opinion. From a doctor, not a forum.

Don’t Attempt to Treat Yourself

This one has a caveat – if your symptoms are minor, like the flu or seasonal allergies, feel free to look up some remedies. is a reputable resource that includes all warnings, contraindications and possible interactions. But if you have symptoms that have not yet been diagnosed, don’t do the guesswork yourself. See the doctor.

Diagnose Yourself

When you attempt to diagnose yourself, you are putting your health at a big risk, because you can never be too sure about what it is exactly that has affected you. There are certain ways in which it can be done, but there are also several dangers associated with it.


There are different reasons why you may want to diagnose and treat yourself. Sometimes it may be an embarrassing health problem that you are not comfortable confronting, or perhaps the lack of finances that may prevent you from visiting a professional to find the root cause of the problem. Another reason why you tend to diagnose yourself is because you may fear visiting a doctor, and may fear discovering something that may be more serious than you can imagine. Whatever the reasons, you must know that diagnosing yourself can do you more harm than good. In some cases, you may be right, but in some, what you may assume is the problem, may actually be something else. This is particularly true of those who resort to the internet for all their health information, as there is a lot of contradictory information that is present online. In any case, if you are looking for information on how to diagnose yourself, here’s a very basic way to diagnose minor conditions.

Steps Involved

Before you read this method of diagnosing yourself, you must understand that it is not a sure shot way of putting a finger on the problem. Secondly, these methods might work for smaller conditions such as allergy breakouts. It cannot be used to diagnose more serious health conditions.
Understand the Symptoms: Check for your normal vital signs before you attempt to diagnose yourself with symptoms of the problem you think you may be suffering from. This could take some time. For instance, if you suddenly have an allergy break out, you have to take time to understand the triggers of the symptoms. What is it that is causing an allergy? Is it food, or something you are exposed to? This is going to take a couple of days to understand. This will probably help you come up with an answer to your problem.
Understand Family History: In some cases, a gene that runs in the family may be the reason why you are facing a particular problem. For instance, a condition such as a back problem may be one that your mother or father’s side is prone to. This however, does not mean that the condition cannot be controlled. Though you may be prone to it, you can definitely reduce the intensity with which it affects you.
Diagnosing yourself will take some time. You must diligently maintain a diary and note the changes that are taking place as and when you are trying to treat it. This will help you get to the bottom of the problem.

Why is it Important to be Healthy?

Health, by definition, is a state of physical, mental, and social well-being. It implies the absence of infirmity or disease, but their mere absence does not imply being healthy. Earning and maintaining health is an active process. Good health is a result of proper nutrition, regular exercise, good health care, and hygiene. One of the most important factors that determine the mental health of an individual is his/her happiness quotient. Hence, effective stress management is a vital factor in remaining healthy.
Human beings are the most important assets of a nation. It is people who drive the world towards progress and also benefit from it. To advance in life and reap the advantages of this development, what we need first is good health. To be able to enjoy anything, we first need to be fit, both physically and mentally. The absence of health can make the world come to a standstill. Lack of health means passivity, incapacity, and unhappiness. An unhealthy living robs us of the pleasures in life. The true definition of health brings out the real essence of a healthy life. The concept of being healthy is a composition of different facets of life. It includes physical well-being, which can be brought about by a healthy diet and exercise; it constitutes the maintenance of health through proper precaution and cures for physical ailments. The conveniently ignored facet of being healthy is the mental well-being. One’s happiness and positivism are highly influential in the maintenance of one’s health.
To progress in life, one needs to receive some sort of formal or practical education and then earn one’s living. To meet one’s basic needs in life and survive; one needs to be healthy. Different streams of education involve different amounts of physical and mental activity. These activities are an integral part of every profession or field of work. To perform these activities effectively, one needs to be healthy. In order to socialize (which is required in almost every walk of life), one needs to be physically and mentally fit. That’s because, when you are a part of a group, you need to interact with one another, you need to work together; there is collaboration as well as competition. That’s the essence of being a part of the society. And to be able to stand strong in a competitive world, or in order to make collaborated efforts, one needs good health.